FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Scientific American:Zollverein is a symbol of Germany’s transition away from fossil fuels toward renewable energy—a program called the Energiewende that aims to have 80 percent of the country’s energy generated from renewables by 2050. That program has transformed Germany into a global poster child for green energy. But what does the transition mean for residents of Essen and the rest of the Ruhr region—the former industrial coal belt—whose lives and livelihoods have been dramatically altered by the reduced demand for coal? The answer to that could hold some useful lessons for those undergoing similar transitions elsewhere.Spanning roughly 1,700 square miles (2,700 kilometers), the Ruhr Valley lies in the state of North-Rhine Westphalia, made up of 53 cities that came to depend on coal mining when it reached an industrial scale in the 1800s. At their height in the 1950s, the mines employed about 600,000 workers, entwining the region’s identity with coal.“Coal runs through my whole life,” says Spahn, whose grandfather, father and two sons were miners, too. But in the 1970s, as cheaper coal imports from other countries began to outcompete German production and drive down the price of domestic coal, it became unsustainable for the government to keep subsidizing the mines. At the same time, an appetite for green energy began in the 1970s, driven forward by a wave of anti-nuclear sentiment in Germany that gathered force after the Chernobyl nuclear disaster in 1986. And so, the phaseout of coal began.Today, only two hard coal mines remain, and in 2018 they’ll both be shut down. Germany continues to import hard coal from other countries for a substantial portion of its energy production—another habit it’s trying to kick, in line with its 2050 renewable energy target. The country also still extracts soft brown coal called lignite from hundreds of open-pit mines across the country. However, with the federal elections coming up in September, the phaseout of lignite is on the political agenda. Such a move would cost another several thousand jobs in the Ruhr alone—forcing the government to consider how to achieve a fair and final phaseout, and the role of renewable energy in that.The move away from hard coal has left a lingering legacy in some cities, where unemployment can exceed 10 percent. Still, overall it “was really a soft and just transition,” says Stefanie Groll, head of Environmental Policy and Sustainability at the Heinrich Boll Foundation in Berlin. “In the Ruhr area, union representatives and local politicians worked out a plan to compensate and requalify people who worked in the coal industry,” she says. For families like Spahn’s, it was a success: under pressure from the labor unions, the mines where his sons worked launched a proactive campaign in 1994 to train employees for different careers. “My one son is now a professional security guard and the other is a landscaper,” he says.The mines themselves have even become a cultural stage. A museum and gallery at Zollverein attracts over 250,000 visitors a year, and several other mines host music concerts, food and cultural festivals. In the nearby city of Bochum, an old industrial plant—now the site of the German Mining Museum—is surrounded with stately homes flanked by lush gardens. The change hasn’t gone unnoticed; the Ruhr was officially named Europe’s cultural capital in 2010.The Ruhr also has become attractive for businesses to invest. Zollverein, like many former mines, is now also home to several businesses. Artists, jewelry designers, choreographers, design firms and tourism companies are just a sampling of those who have made the trendy industrial space their home.In Gelsenkirchen, locals experience some of the highest unemployment rates, hovering around 15 percent. The city’s quiet streets betray signs of economic struggle, with many businesses boarded up. But since the 1990s, it has been trying to revisit its former industrial prosperity with the Science Park, a hub for regional business, which lies on the site of a former coal-powered steel plant. The building’s glass facade looks over a manmade lake flanked by rolling lawns, and its roof is outfitted with 900 solar panels that generate roughly one-third of the building’s electricity.“Gelsenkirchen was called the city of a thousand fires. It became the city of a thousand suns,”—a nod to the solar roof, and green energy technologies being developed at the park, says Hildegard Boisserée-Frühbuss, project manager at the park’s EnergyLab, a experimental laboratory that educates local students about renewable energies. The building now houses 51 businesses—mostly focused on science, technology and renewable energy development. Boisserée-Frühbuss spends her time working with local colleges and schools to give the youth exposure to these fields, in the hopes that they’ll be inspired to find employment there. “Once it was a steel foundry. Now the Science Park is a thinking factory,” she says.With the move toward renewables, how much the Ruhr will benefit—having sacrificed so much toward this clean energy goal—has become a primary focus. Some 330,000 people work in the renewable sector in Germany; 45,000 of those are in North-Rhine Westphalia—and that will grow, predicts Jan Dobertin from the National Association of Renewable Energies in North-Rhine Westphalia, known as LEE NRW. “The Ruhr region is now one of the biggest providers of green economy products and services, such as efficiency technologies, recycling or renewable energy,” Dobertin says. LEE NRW works with regional energy companies to build better political frameworks for integrating renewables in the Ruhr. “Our argument is that the renewable energy sector is much more employee intensive than [fossil fuels],” he says. A recent poll of Ruhr residents carried out by LEE NRW suggests that they have the public on their side: 64 percent of those polled want renewables to be a priority for the state government of North-Rhine Westphalia.In keeping with this trend, just outside the small city of Bottrop a plant called Prosper-Haniel—one of the two last hard coal mines in Germany—has become the frontline of a renewables experiment. Ahead of its closure in 2018, a consortium of local universities, consultants and mining operators are exploring the chance to turn the plant’s deep mine shaft into a hydroelectric storage facility. The plan is at a preliminary, exploratory stage, cautions André Niemann from the University of Essen-Duisburg, who is coordinating the research team. But if it works, it could store and provide power for over 400,000 local homes. He’s motivated by the chance to revive the industrial landscape he grew up in. “The question will be, what did we do to give the region back to the people?” he says.More: Germany’s Transition from Coal to Renewables Offers Lessons for the World The German Transition Model
Share 29 Views no discussions Dr. Vaughn Lewis. Image via: madisonwhoswho.comDr Vaughan Lewis, Professor Emeritus, Institute of International Relations of the University of the West Indies, St Augustine campus, will share his perspectives on “CARICOM and the Caribbean in a Changing International Order” when he presents the 16th Sir Arthur Lewis Memorial Lecture at the Sir Cecil Jacobs Auditorium at the ECCB Headquarters on 2 November.During the period 1964 – 1982, Professor Lewis served at various tertiary academic institutions in the United Kingdom and at the University of the West Indies. He was appointed the founding Director General of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) in July 1982 and worked at that organisation until 1995.Dr Lewis, a native of Saint Lucia, was elected as a Member of the House of Assembly of the Parliament of Saint Lucia in April 1996, and served as the Prime Minister until May 1997. He has also published widely on regional integration, the behaviour of small states in the international political economy, relations between the major powers and developing states and relations between the Caribbean and Latin America.-more-Since 1996, the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank (ECCB) has been hosting the Sir Arthur Lewis Memorial Lecture series in honour of the memory of Sir Arthur Lewis, Nobel Laureate in Economics, who made a significant contribution to Caribbean regional integration.Following the lecture, the ECCB will present the 3rd Annual Sir Arthur Lewis Memorial Book Award to the Dominica State College. The award, which is valued at $2,700, is presented annually in alphabetical order to a selected college in each member country of the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union.Press Release Tweet Share Share NewsRegional ECCB Hosts 16th Annual Sir Arthur Lewis Memorial Lecture by: – October 27, 2011 Sharing is caring!
BACOLOD City – A P5,000 fine or jail time of six months will await anyone in this city found to have discriminated against health workers on the frontline of fighting coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The Sangguniang Panlungsod has approved on third and final reading an ordinance prohibiting acts that cause stigma, disgrace, shame, humiliation or discrimination against COVID-19 health workers. Mayor Evelio Leonardia may be able to sign the ordinance this week and issue an executive order for its implementation. Councilor Cindy Rojas, author of the ordinance, said “with the emergence and continued spread of COVID-19, public stigma formed not only against persons who have contracted the said disease but also against health workers taking care of them and others working on the frontlines.” “There is an urgent need to combat this stigmatization and protect frontline workers, especially health workers, from all forms of discrimination, harassment and abuse,” she stressed. Such discrimination that the ordinance is referring such as prohibiting frontline workers from entering an establishment ; refusal to provide services or goods to frontline workers; evicting or forcing the frontline workers to leave , temporarily or preventing from entering on his or her apartment or dormitory; and others./PN
Published on March 24, 2019 at 4:46 pm Contact Andrew: [email protected] | @CraneAndrew Miranda Ramirez bounced in place and stared over the net. Emmanuelle Salas had cheated up on Ramirez’s second serve the point prior, and her forehand winner blazed down the line. It was match point for Ramirez, and she didn’t convert.“I can’t lose this set,” Ramirez remembered thinking to herself as she waited. A third set would make Syracuse’s potential comeback, once down 3-1, harder and erase Ramirez’s convincing first set.She eyed Salas’ serve and pounced with a forehand. Ramirez dragged her from corner-to-corner, before an attempted slice from the Florida State junior fell short of the net. After the next point, the court’s scorecard showed an orange “7” and a black “6.” The television scoreboard added one to SU’s total. Ramirez’s win trimmed SU’s deficit from one to none. All eyes turned to Sofya Golubovskaya on court two, who clinched a win.In Syracuse’s (11-6, 4-4 Atlantic Coast) 4-3 comeback win over Florida State (14-5, 9-3) on Sunday afternoon, Ramirez kept the Orange alive with a 6-2, 7-6 (8-6) victory. Syracuse was down 3-1 at one point, but three straight singles wins — capped off by Golubovskaya’s three-set thriller — propelled the Orange to defeat the No. 15 team in the nation. If Ramirez’s match went into a third set, it could’ve been a different story. But her fourth-straight singles victory gave Syracuse the life it needed, and Golubovskaya capitalized. “Seeing Miranda coming through with those big moments, shifting that momentum and just putting more pressure on Florida State was huge,” SU head coach Younes Limam said.AdvertisementThis is placeholder textAfter the first set, Ramirez was in control. Her forehand rallies stretched Salas around the court, from net to baseline. The junior looked comfortable in her second singles match, a spot Limam said earlier in the season three or four players could slot at and succeed. Salas resorted to defensive lobs on many points. Ramirez pinned, but remained patient on the winners. Ramirez stayed back and played the bounce, avoiding the problems Golubovskaya faced in her doubles matchup. Up by a break midway through the first set, the junior brought Salas to the corner on consecutive shots. Ramirez met the second lob sprinting toward the net, and her soft slice bounced twice before Salas outstretched racket reached it.Two points later, Salas again fought off a forehand with a defensive lob. Collected, Ramirez followed it into her racket, and shot a winner into the corner.But Salas didn’t allow Ramirez the same openings in the second frame. For the first time all match, Salas’ aces washed out Ramirez’s winners. Salas flashed a backhand to counter Ramirez’s forehand. For the first time, Ramirez was forced to adjust.Salas broke her, then Ramirez won the next game to go back on serve. Ramirez started to slap her thigh and talk to herself. Trailing 6-5 and needing the next game to win in straight-sets, Salas fired an ace past Ramirez. She blinked repeatedly, stunned at the serve. But Ramirez resorted back to what worked in the first set: patience and her strong forehand. An unforced error from Salas combined with a crosscourt forehand got Ramirez her break back. The junior from Texas didn’t lose another game.“It was very, very nerve racking,” Ramirez said. “But I just had to remember to stay calm, play my shots, play my game. I’ve done this before.”A final forehand shot led to a final missed shot from Salas, and Ramirez shouted “Come on.” She fist bumped Knutson, hugged a professor and smiled.Her match finished, Ramirez’s “refuse to lose attitude” having worked once again, she joined the rest of her SU teammates on court three. They stood in a straight line, and watched Golubovskaya’s comeback. Ramirez paced back and forth. Left foot, right foot, then back to the left. She bent down to tie her shoe. Her nerves kicked in again, acting like Golubovskaya’s match “was my own.” Drumlins Country Club was silent, except for Golubovskaya bouncing the tennis ball.After Ana Oparenovic’s service return went long out of bounds, and Syracuse charged the court to mob Golubovskaya. Twenty minutes later, the courts nearly empty once again, Ramirez strolled back to court four. She grabbed her red Wilson bag off the bench, and left to pick up her gray sweater from court three. Behind her, the orange “7,” and a black “6” still showed on the two scorecards. The set up to Syracuse’s comeback. Comments Facebook Twitter Google+
Caribbean Export has launched a program aimed at supporting Caribbean women in business by helping them to either start exporting or to increase their exports.According to Caribbean Export, applications are now being accepted for the program – Women Empowered through Export or WE-Xport.Exporting to the EUOn Wednesday, Caribbean Export, in Cooperation with the European Union announced the commencement of the program that will assist in exporting to the European Union and utilizing the benefits of the CARIFORUM-EU Economic Partnership Agreement.The European Union is therefore pleased to provide financial support to Caribbean Export’s efforts to assist the growth and development of female-owned firms in the Caribbean to increase their competitiveness in the local, regional and international markets,” said EU Ambassador, Daniela Tramacere.Executive Director at Caribbean Export, Pamela Coke-Hamilton, encouraged the regions female entrepreneurs to take full advantage of the WE-Xport program and the opportunity to grow their businesses, connect with others and make their mark in our region, “we know you have the potential to do great things with your companies and with the right mix of support we aim to provide”.Workshops and technical assistanceWE-Xport will address women-owned businesses access to finance through the provision of workshops and technical assistance in partnership with the Barbados based Caribbean Development Bank (CDB).The program will have an intensive business coaching program to build the participants capacity and also increase their access to export markets and networks.MOU signedA Memorandum of Understanding was signed between Caribbean Export and UN Women as their commitment to work together in raising awareness around many of the challenges women face in conducting business. Representative from UN Women, Alison McLean says the economic empowerment of woman is one of the mail of objectives of UN Women and they have developed the “women empowerment principles which offer practical guidance to the private sector on how to empower women in the workplace, marketplace and communities.”
In this Aug. 3, 2014 photo provided by Ryan Spring, Spring, right, handles an 809-pound, 12-foot, 7-inch tiger shark he caught after reeling it in for more than seven hours in the Gulf of Mexico, off Port Aransas, Texas. (AP Photo/Ryan Spring via The San Antonio Express-News)PORT ARANSAS, Texas (AP) — A Texas fisherman has landed an 809-pound tiger shark in the Gulf of Mexico after reeling it in for more than seven hours.Ryan Spring of San Antonio says he caught the shark Sunday about 5 miles off Port Aransas (uh-RAN’-suhs). He says the 12-foot, 7-inch shark was about as big as his boat. He says it pulled the vessel south for more than 15 miles.It took about a dozen men to haul the male shark onto the dock. Spring plans to donate meat from the shark to charity.The catch falls short of the tiger shark state record, which according to the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department says is 1,129 pounds.In this Aug. 3, 2014 photo provided by Ryan Spring, Spring poses with an 809-pound, 12-foot, 7-inch tiger shark he caught after reeling it in for more than seven hours in the Gulf of Mexico, off Port Aransas, Texas. (AP Photo/Ryan Spring via The San Antonio Express-News)
LAKE COMO – The Jersey Shore Jazz and Blues Foundation (JSJBF) will host its 13th Annual Harpin’ Help from 12:30 p.m. until 9 p.m. Sunday, April 21, at Bar Anticipation, 703 Sixteenth Ave.The all-day music event features continuous live music and harmonica acts organized by local musician Sandy Mack. The event will generate funding for JSJBF’S operational expenses and collect nonperishable food items and paper products for Lunch Break of Red Bank.Mack of Wall Township, who is a volunteer for the Jersey Shore Jazz and Blues Foundation, has been putting Harpin’ Help together throughout its history.“Harpin’ Help offers something for everyone with a variety of musical styles and artists,” said Mack who is a harmonica player. “We all enjoy getting together each year to share our talents to benefit the Jersey Shore jazz and blues community and people in need.”All ages are welcome to attend the day of live music on two stages. Children must be accompanied by an adult. There will be 50/50 raffles, food available for purchase and a cash bar.Admission is $20 at the door or $15 when a guest brings a minimum of two cans of nonperishable food items or paper goods.Additional information about Harpin’ Help 2013, is available by visiting the Jersey Shore Jazz and Blues Foundation website at www.jsjbf.org or calling 732-933-1984.
Almost four hours later the team met up at Kokanee Cabin.The Nelson Trail Running Series is hosting a trail race Saturday, September 8 at Svaboda Road Parking Lot with proceeds from the race going toward to improvements of the Nelson running trails.The race begins at 9 a.m. with registration from 8-8:45 a.m.To help with the cause Mallard’s Source for sports is selecting the Kokanee Glacier Traverse group at Team of the Week.The contingent includes, right to left, Richard Klein, Sasha Kalabis, Randy Richmond, Carolyn Donnelly, Lex Baas, Yogita Bouchard, Tim Sander, Greg Smith, Jon Francis, Rahul Khosla, person unknown and Andrew Stoltz. Members of the Nelson Trail Running Series recently went on a Kokanee Glacier Traverse trek.Eight runners left the Enterprise Creek Drainage on the Slocan Lake side of Kokanee Glacier Park at 6:45 a.m. and five others left the Gibson Lake parking lot on the east side of the park at 8 a.m.
Forward Sian Nielsen scored a career-high 42 points to spark the L.V. Rogers to a 69-47 victory over J. Lloyd Crowe Hawks in the final of the Kootenay High School AA Girl’s Basketball Championship held recently in Invermere.The Bombers are now two-time Kootenay High School AA Girl’s Basketball Zone champs.Nielsen, one of the many Grade 12 players with the Bombers, scored 15 points in the first quarter, mostly from the power forward position, as the Bombers took control of the contest by building a 28-8 lead.LVR continued dominate the game in the second period, scoring 16 points en route to a 44-21 halftime lead. Allie Zondervan and Naomi Perkins each added nine points for LVR.The victory capped a perfect 18-0 season for the Bombers against Kootenay and Okanagan opposition.LVR also won three tournaments, including the Bomber Classic in January.Despite owning the zone, the Bombers will not be representing the Kootenay at the provincial tournament.Coach Chris Dergousoff said the Bombers do not have the numbers to compete at the provincial level.The Crowe Hawks of Trail will be taking that berth for the Kootenays.The Hawks open the 16-team tournament Wednesday at 10:15 a.m. at the Langley Events Centre against top ranked Duchess Park of Prince George.
President Jacob Zuma delivered his State of the Nation address last night, but it wasn’t just his speech that caught people’s attention. Take a look at some of the red carpet looks of the night.President Jacob Zuma and Speaker of the National Assembly Ms Baleka Mbete arrive at Parliament for the State of the Nation Address . (Photo: GCIS)Nkosi Mandla Madela and wife Nosekeni Rabia Mandela arriving at the red carpet on Plein Street outside Parliament ahead of 2017 State of the Nation Address in Cape Town. 09/02/2017 GCISChief Justice Mogoeng Mogoeng arriving at Parliament during the State of the Nation Address in Cape Town.09/02/2017 GCISDarly, Rachel and their son Oliva Tambo arriving at the red carpet on Plein Street outside Parliament ahead of 2017 State of the Nation Address in Cape Town. 09/02/2017 GCISThoko Mkhonazi-Xaluva arriving at the red carpet on Plein Street outside Parliament ahead of 2017 State of the Nation Address in Cape Town. 09/02/2017 GCISThandiwe Kenye and daughter Nonhle Bavuma arriving at the red carpet on Plein Street outside Parliament ahead of 2017 State of the Nation Address in Cape Town. 09/02/2017 GCISDumisani and wife Nomathemba XImbi arriving at the red carpet on Plein Street outside Parliament ahead of 2017 State of the Nation Address in Cape Town. 09/02/2017 GCISBongekile Sineke and Dikeledi Mahlangu arriving at the red carpet on Plein Street outside Parliament ahead of 2017 State of the Nation Address in Cape Town. 09/02/2017 GCISGrace Tseke and Thapelo Chiloane arriving at the red carpet on Plein Street outside Parliament ahead of 2017 State of the Nation Address in Cape Town. 09/02/2017 GCISSbusiso Radebe and Dudu Manana arriving at the red carpet on Plein Street outside Parliament ahead of 2017 State of the Nation Address in Cape Town. 09/02/2017 GCISDanisa Baloyi arriving at the red carpet on Plein Street outside Parliament ahead of 2017 State of the Nation Address in Cape Town. 09/02/2017 GCISDeputy Minister of Tourism Tokozile Xasa arrives at Parliament for the State of the Nation Address. (Photo: GCIS)Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Senzeni Zokwana arrives at Parliament for the State of the Nation Address. (Photo: GCIS)Premier of the Western Cape Helen Zille arrives at Parliament for the State of the Nation Address. (Photo: GCIS)Deputy Minister of Defence and Military Veterans Kebby Maphatsoe arrives at Parliament for the State of the Nation Address. (Photo: GCIS)Minister of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs Des Van Rooyen arrives at Parliament for the State of the Nation Address. (Photo: GCIS)Deputy Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Bheki Cele and his wife, arrive at Parliament for the State of the Nation Address. (Photo: GCIS)Deputy Minister Obed Bapela arrives at Parliament for the State of the Nation Address. (Photo: GCIS)Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.