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UN report warns governments must reduce fossil fuel production by 6% per year

May 7, 2021 | By admin | No Comments | Filed in: mmfausynf.

first_imgUN report finds fossil fuel production gap remains largeThe report, which first launched in 2019, measures the gap between the Paris Agreement goals and countries’ planned production of coal, oil, and gas.It finds that the “production gap” remains large and that countries plan to produce more than double the amount of fossil fuels in 2030 than would be consistent with a 1.5C temperature limit.This year’s special issue looks at the implications of the COVID-19 pandemic – and governments’ stimulus and recovery measures – on coal, oil, and gas production.The UN said it comes at a potential turning point, as the pandemic prompts unprecedented government action – and as major economies, including China, Japan, and South Korea, have pledged to reach net-zero emissions.The UN said the largest fossil fuel producers, including Australia, Canada and the US, are currently among those pursuing “major expansions” in fossil fuel supply (Credit: Needpix.com)The report was produced by the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), the Overseas Development Institute, E3G, and UNEP.Dozens of researchers have contributed to the analysis and review, spanning numerous universities and additional research organisations.Michael Lazarus, a lead author on the report and the director of SEI’s US Center, said: “The research is abundantly clear that we face severe climate disruption if countries continue to produce fossil fuels at current levels, let alone at their planned increases.“The research is similarly clear on the solution – government policies that decrease both the demand and supply for fossil fuels and support communities currently dependent on them.“This report offers steps that governments can take today for a just and equitable transition away from fossil fuels.”The analysis shows that between 2020 and the end of the decade, global coal, oil, and gas production would have to decline annually by 11%, 4%, and 3%, respectively, to be consistent with the 1.5C pathway.It also found that the COVID-19 pandemic – and the “lockdown” measures to halt its spread – have led to short-term drops in coal, oil, and gas production in 2020. But pre-COVID plans and post-COVID stimulus measures point to a continuation of the growing global fossil fuel production gap, risking “severe climate disruption”.The report said that to date, G20 governments have committed more than $230bn in COVID-19 measures to sectors responsible for fossil fuel production and consumption, which is far more than the $150bn pledged to clean energy. It notes that policymakers “must reverse this trend” to meet the climate goals. Australia, Canada and the US amongst nations pursuing “major expansions” in fossil fuel supplyThe UN’s research also delves into how the world can equitably transition away from fossil fuels, with the most rapid wind-down needed from countries that have “higher financial and institutional capacity and are less dependent on fossil fuel production”.It said some of the largest fossil fuel producers in this group, including Australia, Canada and the US, are currently among those pursuing “major expansions” in fossil fuel supply.The report outlines six areas of action, arming policymakers with options to start winding down fossil fuels as they enact COVID-19 recovery plans.Among other things, it said they can reduce existing government support for fossil fuels, introduce restrictions on production, and ensure stimulus funds go to green investments, while tying any high-carbon support with conditions that promote long-term alignment with the climate goals.Måns Nilsson, SEI’s executive director, said: “This report shines a light on how government action, in many cases, risks locking us into fossil-fuelled pathways.“And it lays out the alternative, with solutions and examples for moving beyond coal, oil, and gas production. It’s time to imagine, and plan for, a better future.” The UN’s Production Gap Report notes that countries are planning and projecting an average annual increase in fossil fuel production of 2% across the next decadecenter_img A report by Scope Group warns the EU’s proposals could fail to stem so-called carbon leakage (Credit: Wikimedia Commons/Monkeyboy0076) The world’s governments must wind down fossil fuel production by 6% per year to “limit catastrophic warming”, according to the UN.Its Production Gap Report, released today (2 December), finds that the COVID-19 recovery marks a “potential turning point”, where countries must “change course” to avoid locking in levels of coal, oil, and gas production far higher than is consistent with a 1.5C limit.Although the analysis shows that the world needs to decrease production by 6% per year up until 2030 to limit global warming to 1.5C, it notes that countries are instead planning and projecting an average annual increase of 2% across the next decade.Inger Andersen, executive director of the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), said: “This year’s devastating forest fires, floods, and droughts and other unfolding extreme weather events serve as powerful reminders for why we must succeed in tackling the climate crisis.“As we seek to reboot economies following the COVID-19 pandemic, investing in low-carbon energy and infrastructure will be good for jobs, for economies, for health, and for clean air.“Governments must seize the opportunity to direct their economies and energy systems away from fossil fuels, and build back better towards a more just, sustainable, and resilient future.”last_img read more

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COVID-19: Here’s how to receive treatment at Jakarta’s makeshift hospital

October 19, 2020 | By admin | No Comments | Filed in: mmfausynf.

first_imgAfter opening on Tuesday, Jakarta’s makeshift emergency hospital for COVID-19 has so far received 208 patients, according to the hospital head.The hospital, which has the capacity to treat 3,000 people, utilizes four out 10 towers of the Kemayoran athletes village in Central Jakarta. Two towers are currently being used to treat patients.Jakarta Military commander and hospital head Maj. Gen. Eko Margiyono said the hospital would not accept patients younger than 15 years old. The facility also prioritizes COVID-19 patients, elderly suspects and suspects with mild to moderate breathing problems.However, he said patients with severe and worsening symptoms would be referred to another hospital. Read also: COVID-19: Ministry studies plan to use hotels as accommodation for medical staff“There were some patients who came here and [we] referred [them] to other referral hospitals later because [their initial] examinations showed severe symptoms,” Eko said at a press conference on Thursday.“Patients who have mild symptoms but carry other complications would also be referred to other hospitals because the [makeshift] hospital is not designed to handle other diseases,” Eko added.He explained that patients who wanted to be examined at the hospital could come and register themselves. Alternatively, patients who cannot go to the hospital by themselves can also call the COVID-19 hotline on 199, where they can request a transfer service to the hospital.“The other way is by referral. Private hospitals that are no longer able to accommodate patients can refer some of them to our hospital, but we hope that there is an initial examination so that when we receive the patients, we already have preliminary data,” Eko said.Read also: COVID-19: Ministry to develop temporary hospitals in several regionsAs of Wednesday, Indonesia had recorded 790 cases of COVID-19 with 58 fatalities and 31 recoveries. Jakarta has the large majority of the cases with 463, including 31 in the region who have died and 23 who have recovered.The makeshift hospital uses the former athletes village, which was used during the 2018 Asian Games.The makeshift facility is aimed at increasing the capital’s healthcare capability, as Jakarta’s regional leaders communication forum (Frokompimda DKI Jakarta) estimated that, in a worst-case scenario, as many as 8000 people in the capital city would be infected by the coronavirus.Since it was opened on Tuesday, patients from Greater Jakarta have been lining up for examination at the makeshift COVID-19 hospital, but Eko said the hospital even received patients from outside the region. “The hospital was originally designed to accommodate patients in Greater Jakarta, but in reality, on the first day, there were patients who came from Surabaya and Semarang. But still, we accepted them,” he added. (mfp)Topics :last_img read more

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