The maker of Botox, Allergan Inc. of Irvine, Calif., said Nov 29 that authorities had not been able to confirm that Botox had been administered to the four patients. The company said it was cooperating with federal and state health officials to investigate the cases. Dec 1, 2004 (CIDRAP News) – Four people in Florida and New Jersey who might have been injected with the anti-wrinkle medication Botox are seriously ill with possible botulism, according to news services. Allergan also said only two vials of Botox were shipped to Advanced Integrated Medical Center this year and only one was shipped in the past 6 months. The company reported it had reviewed all manufacturing and quality-assurance processes related to the vials and found no problems. Also, the firm said it had received no reports of adverse events related to the manufacturing lots from which the vials came. The two patients in New Jersey were still connected to ventilators but were conscious and communicating through gestures, the newspaper, citing relatives of the patients, reported today. The stories identified the patients as Bach McComb and Alma “AJ” Hall, both employees at Advanced Integrated Medical Systems. They were hospitalized at Bayonne (N.J.) Medical Center. The newspaper described McComb as a physician whose license was suspended by Florida health officials in 2003 after he was charged with trafficking in addictive pain medications. See also: The South Florida Sun-Sentinel in Fort Lauderdale said all four patients were on mechanical ventilators. Today the newspaper reported that the two patients in Florida, whom it identified as Eric S. Kaplan and his wife, Bonnie, were in serious but stable condition. Authorities have not confirmed that any of the patients had botulism. A Nov 30 report in the Sun-Sentinel said doctors at Palm Beach Gardens Medical Center were treating the two cases there as botulism. The Florida Department of Health (FDH) said it was expecting laboratory tests to clarify the diagnoses later this week, according to the story. Calls to the FDH for more information were not returned in time for this story. The New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services issued a short statement Nov 29 saying that botulinum toxin poisoning had not been confirmed in the two patients. The statement said Florida health officials were taking the lead in investigating the cases and that New Jersey was cooperating with Florida and the CDC. The Associated Press (AP) reported that a man and woman in their 50s were in critical condition at Palm Beach Gardens (Florida) Medical Center on Nov 28. Dr. Charles Schallop, a neurologist who treated the couple, said they had gone to a Fort Lauderdale clinic called Advanced Integrated Medical Center Nov 24 for Botox injections, according to the AP report. Nov 30 Allergan news releasehttp://agn.client.shareholder.com/releasedetail.cfm?ReleaseID=149490 Two other people were being treated at a hospital in New Jersey for possible botulism, the AP report said. Schallop said the Florida couple reported that the New Jersey patients were at the Florida clinic the same day they were there. Schallop said he suspected all four patients might have fallen ill because of contaminated doses of Botox or some other drug. Botox contains minute amounts of botulinum toxin, which causes muscle paralysis and is the most lethal known substance. The toxin, derived from the bacterium Clostridium botulinum, is one of the six biological agents considered most likely to be used by terrorists. Botulism is usually associated with contaminated food, particularly improperly home-canned food. Botox is used to smooth facial wrinkles and to treat certain muscle disorders. The Sun-Sentinel reported that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) was investigating exactly what the four patients were injected with and who administered the injections. The newspaper quoted investigators as saying they were considering the possibility that patients were injected with foreign-made imitations of Botox and Myoblock, another anti-wrinkle drug that contains botulinum toxin. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) was helping with the FDH investigation by conducting lab tests, CDC spokeswoman Christine Pearson told CIDRAP News yesterday. CIDRAP overview of botulism
(BBC) – The Washington Redskins American football team will review its name after demands from major sponsors.Its headline sponsor, Fedex, joined a fresh wave of calls to scrap a team moniker long-criticised as racist.The Washington DC-based team has faced years of pressure over a name seen as offensive to Native Americans. The latest calls come amid a fresh focus on racism sparked by worldwide protests.FedEx made the request at the behest of its own investors.Dan Snyder, owner of the Washington Redskins, said: “This process allows the team to take into account not only the proud tradition and history of the franchise but also input from our alumni, the organisation, sponsors, the National Football League (NFL) and the local community.”At the turn of the millennium, FedEx paid $205M (£165M) for the naming rights to the Redskins’ 82 000-seat stadium in Maryland. The deal expires in 2025.But that is not the delivery giant’s only tie to the team. The boss and founder of FedEx, Frederick Smith also owns a minority stake in the Redskins.The team has been under pressure to change its name for decades.Six years ago, FedEx shareholders voted to allow the Redskins to keep its name after the shipping giant received a complaint from the Wisconsin-based Oneida Indian tribe.But as firms assess their stance on issues around race, following the death of George Floyd in Minneapolis and the worldwide Black Lives Matter protests, FedEx has now called for the team to rebrand.Last week, 87 investment firms and shareholders wrote to FedEx, along with fellow Redskins’ sponsors Nike and PepsiCo, calling on the firms to sever ties with the Redskins, according to trade publication AdWeek.“‘Redskins’ remains a dehumanising word, characterising people by skin colour and a racial slur with hateful connotations,” the letter written to PepsiCo said.“We have been in conversations with the NFL and Washington management for a few weeks about this issue,” a PepsiCo spokesperson said.“We believe it is time for a change. We are pleased to see the steps the team announced today, and we look forward to continued partnership.”As of Thursday, Nike’s website did not display any Redskins merchandise. The Washington-based team was the only one of the 32 NFL teams no longer listed in the site’s index.Nike did not immediately respond to the BBC’s request for comment.In the past, the team’s owner Mr Snyder has remained steadfast on keeping the name, calling it a “badge of honour”.