Unlike many countries, tests are widely available in China. Ben Cowling, an infectious disease specialist at Hong Kong University, said he expects many organizations in China to arrange regular screenings of staff.”Testing is expensive, but perhaps not as expensive in China because the reagents and machines tend to be produced in China,” he said.”It’s also not as expensive as local or city-wide lockdowns might be, if outbreaks became larger before being identified.”Nationwide build-upHundreds of bidding documents issued by hospitals and centers for disease control (CDC) in every province since the beginning of May list requirements for new testing labs, painting a picture of a fast-paced national program.The most expensive items are polymerase chain reaction (PCR) machines, a key testing component documents show can cost up to $99,000.Chinese organizations bought 257 PCR laboratories in the last 30 days, according to listings on procurement platform Jianyu360, compared with an average of 21 per month in the previous 12 months.Those figures represent a fraction of the total, as not all projects are detailed in public procurements.For over two weeks after the virus was identified in January, no hospitals in Wuhan – a city of 11 million – were equipped to conduct tests, meaning no new cases were confirmed until days before the city’s lockdown.Most of the new labs are being installed in hospitals, and most cost between 100,000 and 3 million yuan ($15,000-$420,000).Some institutions require all equipment to be produced within China, though others call for specific foreign-made gear, including PCRs made by Switzerland’s Roche Holding AG and US-based Bio-Rad Laboratories Inc.Price controls on testsChina has said it can produce 5 million test kits a day, and provincial governments have imposed strict price controls on manufacturers.Hubei province, the epicenter of the outbreak, compels test makers to cut prices for bulk orders, driving them as low as 16.78 yuan for a nucleic acid test, and 12.9 yuan for an antibody-based kit, according to figures released on May 9.Medical institutes will be barred from offering tests if they refuse to buy kits from the few companies that secured contracts at government-negotiated prices, Hubei authorities said.China does not say how many tests it has conducted, but the figure is widely believed to far surpass other countries. By comparison, the US CDC reported over 20 million tests conducted as of June 5.”I think everyone will take the tests, even many tests,” said Lu Meiping, one of thousands of university students set to return to Beijing this month under quarantine and testing programs.”No one wants to stay home.” On Monday, the National Health Commission said it would look to “normalize” nucleic acid testing.”If they’re willing to be checked, check them all,” said the policy notice.Life is increasingly returning to normal in China, where the outbreak first emerged in the city of Wuhan late last year.Last month, Wuhan tested around 6 million people over 10 days at a cost of 900 million yuan ($127 million), an initiative some experts said largely had the benefit of boosting confidence. Topics : China is building hundreds of testing laboratories and stocking up on tests to ramp up screening for the coronavirus, even in healthy people, having all-but stamped out local transmission of the disease.China is looking to make testing universal, available in every corner of the mainland.Procurement documents and official notices show it is sharply expanding its testing capability, already the world’s largest, extending it even to rural health facilities as it looks to revive the economy after an unprecedented plunge in the first quarter.
He added: “We’ve been very honest with him and he’s been very honest with us. “There is always going to be instances, particularly leading up to the summer (transfer) window, when people are quoted or asked these questions.” Suarez was also quoted to have said he was “very happy” at Liverpool and Ayre insisted that while other clubs may come knocking he expects the 26-year-old to remain at Anfield. “We are very pleased to have Luis and long may that continue,” he said. “He also says in the same interview that he feels he is in an elite team at Liverpool. “Every player is going to get approached by clubs because that is the nature of the game. “Every player has a choice – that’s part of the game. He has a four-year contract with us and we hope he will see that through.” Press Association Liverpool have “no desire” to sell Luis Suarez, according to managing director Ian Ayre. Suarez’s future at Anfield made headlines on Thursday morning after it was reported he would be willing to talk with other clubs following an interview in his native Uruguay. But Ayre told BBC Radio Five Live: “You can read into the comments – it was given in his native language so I think maybe it was a bit lost in translation. We’ve been consistent with Luis. Last summer he signed a new four-year contract and we have no desire to sell Luis. He is a fantastic player and a great contributor to our team.”
History came alive Saturday at Doheny Memorial Library, where L.A. as Subject, an association of archives and collections hosted by USC Libraries, presented the 11th annual Los Angeles Archives Bazaar. Hundreds of people learned and reminisced about Southern California’s regional past as they perused through more than 80 exhibits spanning the floors of the library.Fah Aramthanapon | Daily TrojanHow bazaar · Hundreds gathered at Doheny Memorial Library Saturday for the 11th annual Los Angeles Archives Bazaar, which showed off collections that detailed the history and iconography of Los Angeles and Southern California. The event was held by L.A. as Subject in association with USC Libraries.The bazaar formed a “one-stop shop” for learning about Southern California history, according to Tyson Gaskill, the executive director of communications and events for USC Libraries, which allows organizations both big and small an equal opportunity to display their materials to the public.“We wanted to have some kind of an event that included as many of the L.A. as Subject member organizations as possible and this seemed like a great idea,” Gaskill said. “And as far as we know, it’s actually spawned other similar archive bazaars around the country.”Oftentimes, the exhibitors are capable of bringing only a small fragment of their extensive collections to the bazaar, encouraging attendees to seek them out at their original sources in museums, archives or personal collections that are largely available to the public.The bazaar began when L.A. as Subject moved to the USC Libraries in 2000. Since then, USC has taken advantage of this invaluable collection of resources to the benefit of both its students and faculty.“The Los Angeles, and sort of, regional history is one of our big collection strings here at the libraries, so we’ve sort of historically had lots of research materials that other people just don’t have,” said.According to Hugh McHarg, associate dean of planning and communications, it’s the rich cultural history of Los Angeles that makes the bazaar an invaluable resource for USC students.“It’s a unique strength that we have. It’s a unique resource for our faculty and students, for [students] especially,” McHarg said. “Because if you’re studying regional history, or even cinematic history or urban planning or arts and culture here in Los Angeles, there’s resources here that other places just don’t have.”Besides being an academic resource, McHarg stressed the collection’s value for creative pursuits, such as a three-episode TV series called Lost L.A., which was co-produced by USC Libraries and KCETLink and released in January 2016. The series featured the works of nine directors, including SCA MFA graduates, who produced shorts ranging from documentary to animation based on primary sources from the collection.“The research side is obviously a huge part of what we do, but we also want to make sure that creative artists understand these materials are here for them too,” McHarg said. “So that’s sort of a way of getting that message out into the world.While the collection is certainly extraordinarily beneficial to those at USC, its value is also felt in the surrounding community. According to McHarg, many K-12 students came to the event, where for many of them, it’s their first time seeing artifacts related to the history of L.A.“They’ll find old photographs, or old journals, or magazines or things that they never knew existed, and it’s a way of showing them that there are these artifacts about their communities,” McHarg said. “Sometimes this is the first time they’ve experienced things that somebody actually saved, and it’s meaningful because it’s about where they’re from. That’s something that never gets old.”